The primary function of your kidneys is to filter waste and excess fluid from your blood. There are about a million tiny filters called glomeruli within each kidney that perform this function. When these filters become inflamed, it called glomerulonephritis.
Glomerulonephritis may be due to an underlying condition – such as diabetes, lupus, or infections such as strep throat – or it can occur on its own, for unknown reasons. The condition also may run in the family.
It is critical to seek medical attention from a kidney specialist for glomerulonephritis because, when the inflammation of the glomeruli is severe or prolonged, it can damage the kidneys and lead to renal (kidney) failure, requiring either dialysis or a kidney transplant.
Signs & Symptoms of Glomerulonephritis
Glomerulonephritis can be acute (sudden and severe) or chronic (occurring gradually over time). Acute glomerulonephritis can develop quickly, with the loss of kidney function often happening within weeks or months. This causes the buildup of toxins and fluid in the body.